European Links

* Austria * Belgium * Denmark * England * Wales * Ireland * Northern Ireland * Scotland * France * Spain * Netherlands * Italy * Germany * Norway * Sweden * Finland * Poland * Hungry * Romania * Czech Republic * Slovakia * SloveniaRussia * Estonia * Latvia * Lithuania * The Balkans * Ukraine *

Includes gardens, cultural landscapes, national and city parks, botanical gardens, cemeteries. The sites are uneven — some are more informative than others.

 

GENERAL EUROPEAN

Fruits and Flowers of Winter: An exhibition drawn from the collections of The LuEsther T. Mertz Library

European Institute of Cultural Routes

The Neolithic Mosaic on the North European Plain

European Cultural Landscapes

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AUSTRIA

General

Five Centuries of Austria’s Blooming Cultural Heritage Recorded

Specific sites

Schoenbrunn Palace Gardens, Vienna, 1, 2, 3

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BELGIUM

General

Specific sites

Botanical Garden of the University of Gent

National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise

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DENMARK

General

The cultural landscape of megalithic tombs in Denmark, reconstructed by soil pollen analysis, Svend Th. Andersen

Specific sites

University of Copenhagen’s botanical garden, 1, 2

The cultural landscape of Funen

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ENGLAND

General

Chelsea Flower Show, 1, 2

Chelsea Physic Gardens history

English Houses & Gardens in the 17th and 18th Centuries; A series of bird’s eye views reproduced from contemporary engravings by Kip, Badeslade, Harris and others, by Macartney, Mervyn E. London: Batsford, 1908.

English Landscape History, University of Leicester

Vahalla project has ended, but some studies have been published, 1, 2, 3, 4

Personalities

Lancelot “Capability” Brown, 1, 2, 3

Gertrude Jekyll, 1, 2, 3

Humphrey Repton, 1, 2, 3

Great Garden Designers, Sarah Topp

Gardening personalities

Frank Kingdon-Ward, plant hunter, 1, 2

Vita Sackville-West, 1, 2, 3

Famous Women Gardeners

Specific sites

Buckinghamshire

Stowe Landscape Gardens, 1, 2, 3

Cambridgeshire

Wicken Fen, cultural landscape, 1, 2

Cambridge University Botanic Garden

Cheshire

Biddulph Grange Gardens

Cornwall

The Lost Gardens of Heligan, 1, 2, 3

Derbyshire

Chatsworth Estate garden, 1, 2

Devon

Bicton Park Botanical Gardens

Durham

Durham University Botanic Garden

Essex

The Gardens of Easton Lodge

Gloucestershire

Painswick Rococo Gardens, 1, 2

Sudeley Castle and Gardens

Batsford Arboretum; home of the Mitford sisters

Bristol University Botanic Garden

Gloucestershire Gardens & Landscape Trust

Hampshire

Manor House, Upton Grey, Hampshire, Gertrude Jekyll’s design

Exbury Gardens, 1, 2, 3

Hampshire’s Historic Gardens and Parks, 1, 2

Sir Harold Hillier Gardens and Arboretum, Romsey, 1, 2

Hertfordshire

Hampton Court gardens

Hergest Croft Gardens

Hatfield House, 1, 2

Kent

Penshurst Place Gardens, 1, 2

Leicestershire

University of Leicester Botanic Garden

London

The Garden Museum

Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, 1, 2, 3

Royal Botanical Gardens Kew and RHS Wisley, video

Clissold Park, 1, 2, 3

Hackney, list of parks and green spaces

Abney Park [Garden Cemetery], 1, 2

Merseyside

Ness Botanic Gardens, Liverpool

Norfolk

Bradenham Hall Gardens

Northumberland

Whalton Manor gardens

Craigside gardens

Howick Hall gardens

Oxfordshire

University of Oxford Botanic Garden

Surrey

The Royal Gardens in Windsor Great Park, Saville Gardens, 1, 2

Munstead Wood, Gertrude Jekyll’s home

Painshill Park, 1, 2

Warwickshire

Birmingham Botanical Garden

Birmingham University, Winterbourne Botanic Gardens, 1, 2

Wiltshire

The Peto Garden at Iford Manor, 1, 2

Yorkshire

The Fountains Abbey and Studley Royal estate gardens, 1, 2

Harlow Carr Botanical Gardens, connected to the Royal Horticultural Society, 1, 2

Sheffield Botanical Gardens

Thorp Perrow Arboretum, 1, 2

Isle of Wright

Ventnor Botanic Gardens

WALES

General

Specific sites

Aberglasney gardens

The Hafod Conservation Partnership, 1, 2

National Botanic Garden of Wales

Carmarthenshire – list of gardens

University of Wales Aberystwyth Botany Gardens

The cultural landscape of Western Arfon

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IRELAND

General

List of Irish cultural landscapes, 2010

Specific sites

Malahide Castle Gardens, Dublin, 1, 2

Emo Court gardens, Emo, 1, 2

Johnstown Castle, County Wexford, 1, 2

National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin

The Cultural Landscape of the Irish Midlands

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NORTHERN IRELAND

General

Northern Ireland Heritage Gardens Trust

Historic Parks and Gardens – Dataset

Specific sites

Belfast Botanic Garden, 1, 2

Clandeboye Estate, Bangor, County Down, 1, 2

Drenagh house and gardens, County Londonderry, 1, 2

Mount Stewart house and garden, County Down, 1, 2

Rowallane Garden, County Down, 1, 2

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SCOTLAND

General

The Scottish Highlands

Gardens and designed landscapes, Historic Environment Scotland

Specific sites

Brodick Castle, Isle of Arran

Cawdor Castle, 1, 2

Cruickshank Botanic Garden

Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh

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FRANCE

General

French Picturesque Gardens of the 18th Century

French Anglo-Chinese gardens, 1, 2, 3

English Gardens of the Riviera

The architecture of the renaissance in France, a history of the evolution of the arts of building, decoration and garden design under classical influence from 1495 to 1830, by W.H. Ward. London: B. T. Batsford, ca. 1911. Vol. 1; Vol. 2

Specific sites

Chateau de Saint-Loup, Saint-Loup sur Thouet

La Roseraie of Val-de-Marne (in English), Roseraie de L’Haÿ in Val-de-Marne

Gardens in Languedoc, 1, 2, 3

Claude Monet’s garden at Giverny, 1, 2

Desert de Retz, near Paris, created by Francois Racine de Monville, 1, 2

Bagatelle gardens, Paris, 1, 2 , 3, 4

The Tuileries Gardens, Paris, 1, 2

Méréville gardens, 1, 2

Ermenonville, Jean-Jacques Rousseau Park, 1, 2, 3, 4

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SPAIN

General

Spanish gardens

Specific sites

Elche Palm Grove, 1, 2, 3

La Florida Park, 1, 2

Atlantic Botanical Garden, Gijon, 1, 2

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NETHERLANDS

General

Landscape and historic setting, Cultural Heritage Agency

Specific sites

Apeldoorn

Het Loo Palace, 1, 2, 3

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ITALY

General

The Enchanted Gardens of the Renaissance by Jacques-Edouard Line

Specific sites

Florence

Boboli Gardens

Rome

Vatican gardens, 1, 2, 3

Rome Reborn /Vatican Exhibit

Tuscany

Historic gardens of Villa Garzoni, 1, 2, 3, 4

Gardens of Tuscany

Hambury Botanic Gardens, Costa Azzurra, 1, 2

Botanic garden of the University of Padova, 1, 2

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GERMANY

General

The cultural landscape of a North German rural region

Specific sites

Botanical Garden of Göttingen, 1, 2

Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum, Berlin

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NORWAY

General

The Millennium Garden in Kristiansand, South Norway – plants introduced and cultivated in Norwegian gardens during the last thousand years

Specific sites

Flor og Fjære, a collection of man-made tropical gardens on the island of Sør-Hidle

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SWEDEN

General

Cultural landscapes in Sweden

Specific sites

The Bergius Botanical Garden, Stockholm, 1, 2

Goteborg Botanical Garden

Gothenburg Botanical Garden

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FINLAND

General

The Botanic Gardens of Finland

Specific sites

University of Helsinki Botanical Garden, 1, 2

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POLAND

General

Polish cultural landscapes, a course presented at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań

Specific sites

Changing Neolithic Landscapes at Brzesc Kujawski

Making the Cultural Landscape: Neolithic and Bronze Age Communities on Polish Lowland and their Environment. Janusz Czebreszuk & Marzena Szmyt

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HUNGRY

General

Trinitarian Monastery Gardens in the 18th Century Hungary, Maria Klagyivik

 

Specific sites

Fűvészkert Botanical Gardens, 1, 2

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ROMANIA

General

A Traditional Cultural Landscape in Transformation: The Quest for Sustainable Development Options in the Apuseni Mountains, Romania

Specific sites

Cismigiu gardens

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CZECH REPUBLIC

General

Specific sites

Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape, 1, 2

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SLOVAKIA

General

Renewal of historic gardens and open spaces in Slovakia, Orsi Demko

Specific sites

Grassalkovich Palace gardens, 1, 2

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SLOVENIA

General

Slovenia, cultural landscapes

Specific sites

Ljubljana Botanical Garden, 1, 2

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RUSSIA

General

Genesis of the cultural landscape of Urals and Siberia, by Roman Fedorov

Specific sites

5 Historical Gardens of St. Petersburg

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THE BALKANS

General

Specific sites

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LATVIA

General

Rural Cultural Landscape in Latvia

Specific sites

Vērmanes Garden, Riga, 1, 2

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LITHUANIA

General

The role of historical gardens in city development – from private garden to public park. E. F. André heritage case study, Vaiva Deveikiene

The evolution of the cultural landscape of Lithuania, by Evaldas Ramanauskas

 

Specific sites

Bernardine Gardens, Vilnius

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ESTONIA

General

The cultural landscapes of Transitional Estonia

Specific sites

Botanical Garden of Tartu University, 1, 2

Tallinn Botanic Garden, 1, 2

The Cultural Landscape of Kaali Meteorite Crater Field, Island of Saaremaa

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UKRAINE

General

 

Specific sites

M. M. Hryshko National Botanical Garden, 1, 2

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